Oesophago-Gastro-Duodenoscopy (OGD) is also commonly known as a Gastroscopy, or Endoscopy.
An OGD examination is where a flexible and small scope (Gastroscope) is used to investigate the Oesophagus (gullet), stomach and the first part of your small intestine (duodenum).
There are many reasons for this investigation but they include:
- Abdominal pain
- Signs of blood loss such as anaemia, passing black motions, or vomiting blood.
Common conditions that can be detected by this procedure are:
- Oesophagitis (inflammation of the oesophagus - usually due to Hiatal Hernia and caused by acid reflux)
- Cancer of the oesophagus
- Non-cancerous stricture (narrowing) of the oesophagus
- Hiatal Hernia
- Gastritis - inflammation of the inner lining of the Stomach
- Gastric ulcers
- Duodenitis (inflammation of the duodenum)
- Duodenal Ulcer
During the investigation, some tissue samples (biopsies) from the lining of your upper digestive tract may need to be taken for further testing. This is painless and will not cause discomfort.
Preparation Before Your Examination
You should not eat or drink anything at all for at least 6 hours prior to the examination.
Endoscopy through the mouth involves using local anaesthetic spray to the throat to make it easier to pass the tube. The doctor will talk you through the procedure and explain everything fully. Some people find that mild sedation is useful to help relax but you should not drive or operate machinery for 24 hours after sedation.
An endoscopy usually takes around 15-60 minutes depending on what it’s being used for. An endoscopy is usually done as a day procedure so you will likely not need to stay in hospital.
An endoscopy is usually safe and the risk of complications is low (less than 1 in 100).
At Kingsbridge Private Hospital your comfort during the procedure is paramount and you may be offered to have the procedure carried out with local anaesthetic throat spray. Some patients may also have the investigation performed under “conscious sedation” in which a drug is given by injection into a vein to help make you more relaxed. A medical expert will advise if this is suitable for you.
At Kingsbridge Private Hospital your consultant will advise you on the best course of treatment as well as answer any questions or concerns you have about the examination.